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Vatnajökull Glacier

Vatnajökull is the largest glacier in Iceland, and the largest glacier by volume in the whole of Europe. It covers approx 8 percent of Iceland measuring an area of 7,700 km² (2021), with an average thickness of 400 m and the highest point, Hvannadalshnjúkur, measures at 2,110 m (6,921 ft.). Vatnajökull has around 30 outlet glaciers flowing from the ice cap, all of which bear a name; glaciers and outlet glaciers all have names that end in “jökull” in Icelandic. 

Vatnajökull belongs to the Vatnajökulþjóðgarður (Vatnajökull National Park) and covers a large area surrounding the glacier, including the glacier itself. In 2019, Vatnajökull National Park was inscribed upon the UNESCO World Heritage List. The National Park offers numerous interesting sites to visit and is a must for all who are interested in Geology and beautiful, natural vistas.